Sober living

Bath Salts Addiction: Signs, Risks, and Treatment

how do people use bath salts as drugs

Feeling very let down for several hours to days thereafter tends to follow those symptoms. You’ll need at least one person who will stay drug-free during the session. Drug effects can include a short-term increase in energy and mood and acting strangely friendly to others. If ingested orally, absorption is rapid with a peak “rush” at 1.5 hours, the effect lasting 3 to 4 hours, then a hard “crash”. The total experience may last upwards of 8 hours or longer.1 Snorting and injecting the drug can be especially hazardous.

how do people use bath salts as drugs

The reason these drugs are commonly called bath salts is that they tend to be in the form of white or off-white powder or crystals. However, these substances are not at all the same as Epsom salts or the other bath salts in which people bathe. Many of the bath salt drugs include alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (alpha-PVP), mephedrone, methylone, and methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV or MDPK) and are synthetic drugs called cathinones, which exist in plants commonly called khat plants.

You can chew the leaves of the khat plant to get a mild stimulant effect. The human-made version of cathinone in bath salts is stronger and more dangerous. Bath salts users tend to be male slightly more often than female and younger than the users of other drugs, and most use it at least weekly. Most bath salts vanderburgh house users snort or otherwise inhale the drug, causing a more intense high and higher risk of addiction and complications. These substances bear structural similarities to natural cathinones but are chemically stronger. As ‘New Psychoactive Substances,’ the effects of bath salts are akin to MDMA or amphetamines.

How Long Do the Effects of Bath Salts Last?

They contain synthetic cathinones, which are lab-made stimulants. The cathinones found in bath salts were made illegal in the United States in 2012. They contain types of synthetic cathinones, which are banned in the U.S. The people who manufacture bath salts intentionally mislabel them in an attempt to avoid legal restrictions. Users usually snort the drug up the nose, but it can also been injected, smoked, swallowed or used rectally.

  1. Balt salts can lead to serious, and even fatal adverse reactions.
  2. Unfortunately, any of the complications described do not require long-term use of the drug in order to occur.
  3. Khat is used in East Africa and southern Arabia for its stimulant properties.
  4. These substances bear structural similarities to natural cathinones but are chemically stronger.
  5. Having the support of loved ones may encourage a person as they find help for their condition.

Bath salts are sometimes used as a cheap substitute for stimulants like cocaine. Research shows that one common synthetic cathinone, called 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), is 10 times stronger than cocaine. The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announced emergency scheduling in 2011 to control MDPV, mephedrone and methylone, all chemicals found in bath salts. Those addicted to bath salts require professional help to support their recovery.

More on Substance Abuse and Addiction

The areas where these drugs are used have also seemed to expand; originally, most of the calls to poison-control centers came from Louisiana, Florida, and Kentucky but later came from 33 states. It can be difficult for a person to stop misusing certain substances, such as alcohol or illegal drugs. There are many different groups and institutions available that provide help and support to people experiencing substance misuse. Bath salts are a designer drug of abuse with reports of dangerous intoxication from emergency departments across the US. “Bath salts” are not a hygiene product used for bathing, as the name might imply, but are dangerous synthetic (“man-made”) cathinones.

how do people use bath salts as drugs

Bath salts can be ingested orally, snorted, smoked, plugged or injected. Bath salts can be detrimental to human health and can potentially cause erratic behavior, hallucinations, and delusions.[16] This is often due to their wakefulness-promoting effect, leading to insomnia. Risks from using them include liver failure, mental illness, and even death.

Are Bath Salts Illegal?

They have higher potency than natural cathinones of the khat plant of East Africa and Southern Arabia. The synthetic cathinones people use to make bath salts are not legal in the U.S. In purest form, the drug is a light brown or white crystallized powder.

The treatment of bath salts intoxication involves providing intensive medical monitoring and attention to address the specific symptoms of the individual. It also often involves using medications to alleviate medical symptoms of intoxication like nausea, insomnia and lack of appetite, as well as emotional symptoms like agitation. Over time, this can lead to physical and psychological dependence as you seek the euphoric feeling the drug provides.

Given the similarities in effects that these drugs have to cocaine, methamphetamines, and other stimulant drugs of abuse, bath salts should be considered very addictive. Despite the newness of these drugs and resulting lack of sufficient research on bath salt-specific can you drink alcohol on vivitrol or will you get sick addiction in humans, animal research has already shown that these substances can be quite addicting. Therefore, health care professionals consider bath salts capable of wreaking the same addictive havoc on the lives of users as other stimulant drugs.

For example, poison-control centers in the United States reportedly received 304 calls for the abuse of this drug in 2010. That number increased to 1,782 calls in just the first four adhd and alcohol months of 2011 and to more than 6,000 calls by the end of that year. Interestingly, there were fewer calls to poison-control centers in 2012 and 2013 (2,691 and 996, respectively).

Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?

There are no approved medications that treat addiction to synthetic cathinones. You can get intense withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking them, which make it hard not to use again. Snorting and injecting bath salts are the most dangerous methods.

If a person is misusing bath salts or other substances, many groups and institutions can help them find support. Research from 2020 states that low doses of bath salts can cause a person to feel euphoria and alertness. You can have what is called “excited delirium.” If you have this, you will get dehydrated, your muscle tissue will begin to break down, and your kidneys may stop working.

As with substance use disorder in general, circumstances like receiving appropriate supervision, as well as clear messages from family members that drug use is unacceptable help prevent bath salt abuse and addiction. The primary goals for the treatment of addiction symptoms (also called recovery) are abstinence, relapse prevention, and rehabilitation. When the addicted person first abstains from using drugs, he or she may need help avoiding or lessening the effects of withdrawal. Medical professionals conduct that part of treatment in a hospital or other inpatient setting (often called detox centers), where medications used to decrease withdrawal symptoms and frequent medical assessments and care can be provided. As with many other drugs of abuse, the detox process from bath salts is likely the most difficult aspect of coping with the physical symptoms of addiction and tends to last for days.

A person may also find it helpful to speak with their friends and family about their substance misuse. Having the support of loved ones may encourage a person as they find help for their condition. If a person experiences any of these effects after taking bath salts or is with someone who does, they should seek immediate medical attention. Containers of bath salts will also have warnings, such as “not suitable for human consumption.” Manufacturers do this in an attempt to avoid legal restrictions. Synthetic cathinones are similar to certain substances found in the khat plant. Khat is used in East Africa and southern Arabia for its stimulant properties.

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